Tag Archives: Niobium

Body Jewelry Metals – Niobium

This article is from the Piercing FAQ, by Anne Greenblatt with numerous contributions by others.

2A.1 Niobium

Niobium is an elemental metal and is strong yet flexible and is slightly
heavier than 316L stainless steel. Niobium is chemically non-reactive.
Few people are sensitive to niobium.

Niobium jewelry is available in a range of colors which are produced
through anodizing, not dyeing. During anodizing, the jewelry is
submerged in an electrolyte solution and voltage is applied. Anodizing
creates an oxide layer on the jewelry. The color results from
refraction of light through the oxide layer, and the thickness of the
layer determines the resulting color. The voltage applied during
anodizing determines the thickness of the oxide. The anodized oxide
eventually wears away, causing the color to fade or change; how long
the process will take depends on the thickness of the oxide layer is
and the amount of friction and wear on the jewelry.

Black niobium is achieved by heating the niobium until it is red-hot
and cooling it. After blackening, the jewelry can be polished. Black
niobium will not fade.

Niobium jewelry is available in matte (“satin”) or high-polish
(“mirror”) finishes. Niobium is very porous making it difficult to
achieve a high polish. Poorly polished niobium can retain polishing
compound residue which is often toxic. Matte finish niobium should not
be used for new or healing piercings because the pores can trap
bacteria and the rough surface will to adhere to the interior of the
piercing, causing it to tear when the jewelry is moved.

Piercing FAQ

Everything you wanted to know about Piercing
This FAQ about Piercing was compiled and written by Anne Greenblatt with numerous contributions by others.

Part I: Intro

  • 1.1 Summary – This posting contains information about body piercing.
  • 1.2 Copyright And Dissemination – Under the Berne Convention, this document is Copyright (c) 2000
  • 1.3 Table of Contents of the rec.arts.bodyart Piercing FAQ:

Part II: Jewelry

  • 2A.1 Metals – The metals used for body jewelry are chosen for
  • 2A.1 Gold – 1 karat = 1/24th of the alloy is pure
  • 2A.1 Niobium – Niobium is an elemental metal and is strong yet flexible
  • 2A.1 Platinum – Platinum and metals in the platinum group such as palladium
  • 2A.1 Stainless Steel – Of the many stainless steels available, only 316L and 316LVM
  • 2A.1 Silver / Sterling Silver – Sterling silver is 92.5% silver alloyed with copper or some
  • 2A.1 Titanium – Titanium is an extremely lightweight, elemental metal.
  • 2A.1a Report on Stainless Steel – by Sean
  • 2A.2 Non Metal Materials
  • 2A.2a Report on FDA Approved Acrylic – by Michael
  • 2A.3 Organic Materials – Thanks to Erica Skadsen / Organic for the information contained in
  • 2A.3a Hardwoods – Hardwoods are most often used to make plugs for enlarged piercings
  • 2A.3b Bamboo – Bamboo is not a wood but a grass. Several thousand different
  • 2A.3c Ivory, Horn, Antler – Thanks to Jesse Jarrell
  • 2B.1 Jewelry Sizes – Jewelry is measured by gauge (thickness) and width.
  • 2B.1a Gauges And Equivalents – Most jewelry manufactured in the US is gauged according to
  • 2B.2a Basic Jewelry Designs: Captive Bead Ring – The basic ring design is the captive bead ring or ball closure ring
  • 2B.2a Basic Jewelry Designs: Bead Ring Or Attached Bead Ring – The bead ring is similar to the captive bead ring except that the
  • 2B.2a Basic Jewelry Designs: Seamless Or Beadless Rings – The names beadless ring and seamless ring are misnomers because
  • 2B.2a Basic Jewelry Designs: Captive Tube Or Captive Bar Ring – Instead of a bead, a short, straight or curved tube or solid bar
  • 2B.2a Basic Jewelry Designs: Screw On Ball Ring – Screw on ball rings are an alternative to large gauge captive
  • 2B.2a Basic Jewelry Designs: Barbells – Straight and curved barbells are measured by the linear width
  • 2B.2a Basic Jewelry Designs: Gemstone Or Jewel Settings – Gemstones can be set in metal using either a prong setting or
  • 2B.2b Piercing-Specific Designs: Jewelry For Enlarged Piercings – The following designs are intended to maintain the enlarged size
  • 2B.2b Piercing-Specific Designs: Jewelry For Nipple Piercings – Nipple Retainer: Comprised of a straight bar worn through
  • 2B.2b Piercing-Specific Designs: Jewelry For Septum Piercings – Septum Retainer: A U-shaped piece of metal, either rounded
  • 2B.2b Piercing-Specific Designs: Prince’s Wand – The Prince’s Wand or Urethral Tube can be made to fit either
  • 2B.2b Piercing-Specific Designs: Eyebrow And Nostril “Bones”
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Earlobe – 6 to 8
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Large Earlobe Piercings – Please refer to Part 7 of the FAQ for information on
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Dermal Punch Method for Large Earlobe Piercings – Dermal punches are designed to remove tissue for biopsy procedures.
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Transverse Or Lateral Earlobe – 4 to 8
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Vertical Earlobe – 4 to 8
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Ear Cartilage – 3 to 6
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Nostril – 3 to 6
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Septum – 4 to 8
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Eyebrow – 2 to 4
  • 2C.1 Facial Piercings: Bridge / Niebuhr / Erl / Nasion – 4 to 6
  • 2C.2 Oral Piercings – The risks of oral piercings include chipped and cracked teeth
  • 2C.2 Oral Piercings: Lip & Labret – 2 to 4
  • 2C.2 Oral Piercings: Madonna / Beauty Mark – Also called the Marilyn or Chrome Crawford because of the
  • 2C.2 Oral Piercings: Cheek – 3 to 5
  • 2C.2 Oral Piercings: Scrumper / Lip Frenulum – 1 to 2
  • 2C.2 Oral Piercings: Tongue – 4 to 8
  • 2C.2 Oral Piercings: Tongue Web / Frenulum – 2 – 4
  • 2D.1 Navel Piercings – 4 to 8
  • 2D.1a “The Navel Piercing: A Better Alternative” – by Karen Hurt of Future Primitives, San Francisco,
  • 2D.1b “Angled Navel Piercings” – by Elayne Angel of Rings of Desire, New Orleans
  • 2D.2 Nipple Piercings – 4 to 8
  • 2D.2a Female Nipple Piercings – Female nipple piercings should be made at the base of the nipple
  • 2D.2b Male Nipple Piercings – Because most men have very small or flat nipples, the piercing
  • 2D.2c Nipple Piercings And Breastfeeding – Most piercers maintain that nipple piercings are unlikely to
  • 2D.3 Surface And Unusual Piercings – Many piercers do not perform the following piercings because
  • 2E.1 Female Genital Piercings – All of the female genital piercings are highly anatomy-dependent
  • 2E.1 Clitoris Piercing – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Fourchette – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Horizontal Clitoral Hood Piercing – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Vertical Clitoral Hood Piercing – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Inner Labia – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Outer Labia – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Triangle Piercing – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Christina – 4 to 6
  • 2E.1 Isabella – This piercing was first documented in Issue #17 of Piercing
  • 2E.1 Princess Albertina – Another relatively new and experimental piercing documented in
  • 2E.2 Male Genital Piercings – The Prince Albert, Ampallang and Apadravya piercings usually bleed
  • 2E.2 Ampallang – 6 to 10 months; may require a year or more to completely
  • 2E.2 Apadravya – 6 to 10 months; may require a year or more to completely
  • 2E.2 Foreskin – 2 to 4
  • 2E.2 Frenum – 2 to 4
  • 2E.2 Guiche – 4 to 6
  • 2E.2 Prince Albert Or P.A. – 2 to 4
  • 2E.2 Scrotum / Hafada – 4 to 6
  • 2e.3 Genital Piercings And Sexual Activity – Genital piercings are intended to enhance sensation for the
  • 2E.4 Genital Piercings And Pregnancy – In the interest of safety for the mother and child, jewelry should

Part III: Getting A New Piercing

  • 3.1 What To Look For In A Piercer – Consider first visiting the studio without intending to get pierced
  • 3.2 Assessing Anatomy And Selecting Jewelry – Because everyone is built differently, not everyone is
  • 3.3 Ear Piercing Gun – The piercing gun or piercing implement was originally intended to
  • 3.3 Single-Use Disposable Needles – Piercing needles are hollow, lancet-point needles, beveled
  • 3.4 Basic Piercing Procedure: Prep – The area to be pierced should be cleansed using a surgical scrub
  • 3.4 Basic Piercing Procedure: Tools – Most piercers use forceps to hold the area to be pierced
  • 3.5 Methods Of Disinfection And Sterilization
  • 3.6 Anesthetics – In the United States topical anesthetics are only available
  • 3.7 Are You Under 18? – Many states now have laws restricting or prohibiting piercing minors
  • 3.8 Does It Hurt? – Most people experience some level of discomfort or pain during
  • 3.9 Making Your Experience More Comfortable – Get plenty of rest the night before. Eat a good meal and drink
  • 3.10 Piercing Kits And Doing It Yourself – Piercing kits have many disadvantages.

Part V: Care Of New Piercings

  • 5.1 Skin Cleansers, Wound Cleansers, And Soaps – Skin cleansers are designed to aid in the physical removal of
  • 5.2 Antiseptic Products – Antiseptics and disinfectants are chemicals designed to kill
  • 5.3 Other Products
  • 5.4 Products To Avoid – Antibiotic And Medicated
  • 5.5 Essential Oils – Many people have found essential oils beneficial to healing
  • 5.6 Aftercare For Facial Piercings – Wash your hands thoroughly with antibacterial soap before
  • 5.7 Aftercare For Oral Piercings – Wash your hands thoroughly with antibacterial soap before
  • 5.8 Aftercare For Body Piercings – Wash your hands thoroughly with antibacterial soap before
  • 5.9 Aftercare For Genital Piercings – Genital piercings often bleed between 12 to 24 hours depending on
  • 5.10 Herbal Hot Compress Recipe – Provided by Michaela Grey, formerly of Gauntlet and the Association

Part VI: The Healing Process & Healing Problems

  • 6.1 The Healing Process – General Wound Healing
  • 6.2 Abandoning A Piercing – Whether or not the piercing completely closes depends on the age
  • 6.2a Reopening or Repiercing an Abandoned Piercing – An abandoned piercing that has only shrunk or partially grown
  • 6.2a Healing Problems: Dry Skin – Over-cleaning the piercing, failure to thoroughly rinse the
  • 6.2b Healing Problems: Prolonged Healing – Prolonged healing is indicated by failure of the piercing to
  • 6.2c Healing Problems: Follicular Cysts – Follicular cysts may affect both new and healed piercings.
  • 6.2d Healing Problems: Infections – The most frequent causes of infection is touching the piercing
  • 6.2e Healing Problems: Hypergranulation – During the proliferation phase of healing, granulation tissue
  • 6.3 Scars – Any penetration of the skin will result in a scar. Scar tissue
  • 6.4 Piercing Migration And Rejection – Occasionally a piercing migrates towards the surface of the skin
  • 6.5 Metal Sensitivities – The metals used for body jewelry are chosen for

Part VII: Healed Piercings

  • 7.1 Changing Jewelry – After a piercing is healed jewelry may be changed as desired.
  • 7.2 Stretching Piercings – Only well-healed piercings should be stretched. Stretching too soon
  • 7.3 Bondage Play – Strenuous bondage play using chains, restraints, and weights
  • 7.4 Hiding And Retaining Piercings
  • 7.4a Retaining Piercings During Surgery – Most hospitals’ policies require that patients remove all
  • 7.6 Piercings And Common Medical Procedures – Finding a piercing-knowledgeable doctor is more difficult than
  • 7.7 Body Jewelry And Metal Detectors – Security metal detectors are used to detect certain types of
  • 7.8 Piercings And Employment – Several readers of rec.arts.bodyart have been suspended or

Part VIII: Historical Information

  • 8.1a History of the Nipple Piercing
  • 8.1b Titrings, a Bit of History
  • 8.2 The Apadravya In The Kama Sutra – From the unexpurgated printing of the Kama Sutra printed in 1963
  • 8.3 History Of Late 20th Century Body Piercing – In the US, Doug Malloy, along with Jim Ward and Fakir and, in England,…
  • 9.1 Books And Magazines

Part IX: Resource List

  • 9A.2 Calendars And Posters
  • 9B.1 Videos
  • 9B.2 Online Sites
  • 9B.2a Chat Rooms And Online Clubs
  • 9B.3 Software & CDs
  • 9b.4 Places Of Interest – NEW YORK BODY ARCHIVE, #9 Ninth Ave., 2nd Floor, South of 13th St